Newark (/njurk/ NEW-rk, locally[nk]) is the most populous city in the U.S. state of New Jersey and the seat of Essex County and the second largest city within the New York metropolitan area. As of the 2020 United States census, the city had a population of 311,549, an increase of 34,409 (+12.4%) from the 277,140 counted in the 2010 census. The Population Estimates Program calculated a population of 307,220 for 2021, making it the nation's 66th-most populous municipality.
Settled in 1666 by Puritans from New Haven Colony, Newark is one of the oldest cities in the United States. Its location at the mouth of the Passaic River (where it flows into Newark Bay) has made the city's waterfront an integral part of the Port of New York and New Jersey. Today, Port NewarkElizabeth is the primary container shipping terminal of the busiest seaport on the U.S. East Coast. Newark Liberty International Airport was the first municipal commercial airport in the United States, and today is one of its busiest.
Several companies have their headquarters in Newark, including Prudential, PSEG, Panasonic Corporation of North America, Audible.com, IDT Corporation, Manischewitz and AeroFarms.
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